Kangaroo Island is a rare jewel of the twenty-first century. The Island contains the highest proportion of remnant native vegetation of all South Australian agricultural regions. This vegetation supports a wide diversity of habitats and an abundance of wildlife, which comprises the greatest number of endemic species in any region in South Australia. The Island’s natural resources underpin a range of industries, dominated by primary production, commercial fishing and tourism. These industries in turn support a diverse, vibrant community eager to manage the natural resources of Kangaroo Island sustainably for future generations.